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Conflict broke out on the border between China and India

time : 2020-11-25

source : SHANGHAI TRI-CREATION IMP.&EXP. CO.,LTD.

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Conflict broke out on the border between China and India

  India's deliberate provocation triggered border conflicts. The Kalwan River Valley and Hongshantou area are located in the western section of the Sino-Indian border in the western part of Aksai Chin, Xinjiang. The valley is connected to the central plain of Aksai Chin in the east and the Shyok Valley in the Kashmir region to the west. One of the few traffic arteries in the region, it is located at the strategic border of the border and its geographical location is very important. Since early May 2020, the Indian side has illegally entered Chinese territory and built barriers in the Kalwan River Valley area on the China-India border, blocking the normal patrols of the Chinese border troops, leading to escalation of local tensions. On June 6, China and India held military commander-level talks on the Chinese side of the line of actual control in the Ladakh region and reached a consensus not to allow differences to become disputes. On the evening of June 15, 2020, the Indian border guards blatantly broke the consensus reached at the commander-level meeting between the two sides. When the situation in the Kalwan Valley has slowed down, they again deliberately provoked across the line of actual control and even violently attacked China. The officers and soldiers who negotiated on the spot led to intense physical conflicts. The Indian army’s illegal crossing of the line is a flagrant violation of the consensus reached on June 6 and has seriously damaged the peace and tranquility of the border area. China has lodged a strong protest and solemn representations with the Indian side in this regard.

  India has caused trouble in many border areas of neighboring countries. Since 2020, India has repeatedly crossed the line of actual control and caused incidents in its border areas with Pakistan, Nepal, and China. In the direction of Pakistan, on June 14, India and Pakistan had a fierce exchange of fire near the line of control in Kashmir and caused casualties. Pakistan claimed that India was the first to violate the ceasefire agreement. In the direction of Nepal, the territorial dispute between India and Nepal has been further escalated recently. On June 12, in the border area between India and Nepal, as the Indian army unilaterally entered the disputed area between the two countries, the Nepalese army and the Indian army opened fire. All were killed and injured.

  The Indian government may use this to disperse domestic epidemic prevention and downward economic pressure. The current domestic epidemic prevention and control and economic situation in India are not optimistic, and the Indian government has the intention to shift domestic conflicts by creating external friction. In terms of the epidemic situation, according to statistics from Johns Hopkins University, as of June 18, India had a total of 366,946 confirmed cases of new coronary pneumonia, a total of 12,237 deaths, and 160,384 existing cases. The number of new confirmed cases in the past week was all There are more than 10,000 cases, and the situation is still rising. The epidemic prevention situation is not optimistic. On the economic front, due to the impact of the epidemic and prevention and control measures on India’s economic and financial activities and the inherent structural contradictions in India’s drag on economic fundamentals, the downward pressure on the Indian economy continues to increase. Moody's has downgraded India's sovereign credit rating from Baa2 to Baa3, and the rating outlook remains negative. Taking into account the pressure facing India, it cannot be ruled out that India has repeatedly provoked border conflicts or has the purpose of distracting domestic epidemic prevention and economic pressure.

  Chinese-funded enterprises in India should pay close attention to the development of the situation and maintain their own safety. In recent years, China’s investment in India has grown steadily. According to data from the Ministry of Commerce, in 2018, China’s direct investment flow in India was 210 million U.S. dollars, and the direct investment stock was 4.66 billion U.S. dollars. The main investment areas include e-commerce, mobile phones, telecommunications equipment, household appliances, Power equipment, steel, construction machinery, etc. Considering that the border conflict may cause high anti-China sentiment among the people in India, Chinese-funded enterprises and Chinese people in India should pay close attention to the development of the situation and raise their awareness of safety precautions. If necessary, they should contact the Chinese embassy in India to maintain their own safety.